According to what we know of Mayan
myth, in the beginning after the gods were formed (which is unknown how
they were formed), there was only sky and water. Two of the gods
typically named Quetzalcoatl and Tohil, took Hungry Woman and tossed her
down upon the ocean. Then they each took hold of an arm and leg,
stretching her until the Earth was formed. Since these gods had treated
Hungry Woman so roughly, they gave her the right to a type of human sacrifice,
the right to eat the dead when they were buried within her. Then
the Dieites decided that they needed creatures who could talk to them by
prayer and ritual so they created three races of beings before they finally
managed to form humankind. The first race was the ancestors of the
animals of today which were unsatisfactory to the Gods because they could
only talk through noise. The second race was made of mud and also
proved unsatisfactory. The third time the deities formed creatures
out of wood, but this too was troublesome. Although these wood creatures
could multiply they had blank minds and no knowledge or care for their
creators. Lastly, humanity was created to the delight of the gods.
Here was the race of creatures that could learn and were willing and able
to communicate with the deities.
The Gods and Goddesses
Description: God of life.
Rules Over: Life, development of children in the womb.
Description: Lord of death.
Rules Over: Human sacrifice, suicide by hanging, childbirth death and beheading.
Description: The Gods of the four winds and the four directions who held up the heavens in one legend. The chief Bacab was Hobnil, patron God of beekeepers.
Description: God of rain and vegetation who was popular and the most worshipped deity in the late Maya period. He rode on a serpent (symbol of rain) and carried a snake-shaped water bottle and torches.
Rules Over: Rain, vegetation, agriculture.
Cit Chac Coh
Description: War God whose soldiers danced in his temple and sacrificed a dog to his image.
Rules Over: War.
Description: War God. Also referred to as the Black Captain.
Rules Over: War.
Description: In one aspect Patron of merchants and cocoa planters and in another he is a God of war. He had a black scorpion tail. His followers were not allowed to get drunk at his festival as they were allowed in others.
Rules Over: Merchants, agriculture, War.
Description: Lived in both heaven and hell and was associated with Hurukan. He was a shape-shifter.
Rules Over: Agriculture and civilization, shapeshifting.
Hun Pic Tok
Description: War God. Had a pyramid temple which was the most important in Izamal in Yucatan.
Rules Over: War.
Description: Supreme but remote and impersonal god.
Description: Extremely ancient God who created Earth, animals, fire and people.
Rules Over: Whirlwind, hurricanes, thunder, spiritual illumination.
Description: Sky god and also Father of the Gods and creator of humankind. Omnipotent and rather remote. Fisrt priest of the Mayan religion.
Rules Over: Healing, drawing, letters, crops, fertility, water, regeneration, medicine.
Description: Goddess who invented painting and fabric color designing.
Rules Over: The visual arts.
Description: A goddess who is the consort of Itzamna.
Rules Over: Childbirth, medicine, the moon, pregnancy, floods, weaving, domestic arts.
Description: Wife of a Sun god named Ah Kinchil.
Description: Patroness of hunting and hanging.
Description: Protectress of all jade cutters.
Tkinich Kak Mo
Description: Sun god connected with the lighting of the sacrificial fire.
Description: A form of Quetzalcoatl. Personification of the West.
Rules Over: Light, learning, culture, organization, order, laws, calendar.
Description: Earthquake god of Yucatan.
Rules Over: Earthquakes.
Description: Goddess of volcanoes and divination. Pictured as a hideous old woman and required victims thrown into volcanic craters.
Rules over: Volcanoes and divination.
Description: God of creation who was also the defender from evil.
Rules Over: Protection, creation.
Description: The North Star.
Rules Over: Business, peace, plenty.
Description: God of maize/corn.
Rules Over: Riches, husandry, fertility, growth, life, joy, good crops.