The Gods and Goddesses of Egypt
Egyptians in their religious beliefs held the view that the Pharaoh was an incarnated God upon earth.  The Egyptians believed in life after death, which is why they created elaborate coffins, perfected embalming techniques and built wonderous final resting places.  They believed after you died, your soul would be weighed against a feather to determine your goodness.  The Egyptians viewed the Gods as aspects of the Supreme Creator. 
The Gods and Goddesses

Aabit
Description:  A singing Goddess.
Rules Over:  Music, song, voice, arts.

Aah
Description:  A moon God.

Aker
Description:  Earth god.
Rules Over:  Earth, fields, poisons, anecdotes, weaving.

Amaunet
Other Names:  Wife of Amen.
Description:  Goddess of Heaven.

Amen
Other Names:  Amoun, Amun, Amon, Ammon.  "Hidden God"; "Great Father."
Descriptoin:  Phallic deity sometimes pictured with the head of a ram and other times pictured as a man with a crown with two tall straight plumes.
Rules Over:  Reproduction, fertility, generation, wind, air, prophecy, agriculture.

Ament
Other Names:  Amenti, "The Westerner," "hidden goddess."
Description:  Goddess of the Underworld.  Consort of Amen.
Rules Over:  She greeted all dead people to the land of the dead with bread and water.  If they ate and drank, they could not return to the land of the living.

Ami
Description:  Fire God.
Rules Over:  Fire.

Ami Neter
Description:  A singing god.
Rules Over:  Winds, song.

Ami Pi
Description:  A lion god.

Amutnen
Description:  Goddess of Milk Cows.

Amu
Description:  Dawn God.

Anhur
Other Names:  Anher, Anhert.
Description:  Official God of the nome Abt and its capital.
Rules Over:  War, Sun and the sky.

Anubis
Other Names:  Anpu, Sekhem Em Pet.
Description:  Messenger from the gods to humans.  Pictured with the head of a jackal or dog, or as a dark colored jackal.  He, with Maat, weighed human souls for truth.
Rules Over:  Wisdom, intelligence, death, embalming, endings, truth, justice, surgery, hospital stays, finding lost things, anesthetics, medicine, journeys, protection, boats, diplomacy, astral travel, cemeteries.

Anqet
Other Names:  Anuket, Anukis, "The Clasper."
Description:  Water Goddess of the Nile Cataracts.  Her symbal was the cowrie shell.  Pictured as a woman donning a tall plumed crown.  Also has been depicted as having four arms.
Rules Over:  Producer and giver of life, water.

Apep
Other Names:  Apophis.
Description:  Demon enemy of the Sun.  Pictured as a snake.
Rules Over:  Darkness, storm, night, the Underworld, death, eclipses.

Apit
Description:  Mother Goddess, nursing mother.

Apuat
Other Names:  Upuat.
Rules Over:  Pictured as Anubis is except he is white or gray instead of black.  He guides souls to their place of rest after their hearts are weighed against the feather.

Aput
Description:  Messenger God.

Asbit
Description:  Fire Goddess.
Rules Over: Fire.

Aseb
Description:  Fire God.
Rules Over: Fire.

Ashkit
Description:  Goddess of the Winds.

Ashu
Description:  Water God.

Aua
Description:  God of Gifts.

Auf
Other Names:  Euf Ra.
Description:  Aspect of the Sun god Ra.  Shown as a ram-headed man wearing the solar disk.
Rules Over:  Peace, rest, sleep, courage.

Auit
Description:  Goddess of Nurses and Children.

Bait
Description:  Goddess of the Soul.

Baket
Description:  A Hawk Goddess.

Ba-neb-Tetet
Other Names:  Banebdedet, Banaded.
Description:  A ram-god.
Rules Over:  Discussion, arbitration, peace.

Bast
Other Names:  Bastet, Pasht (Dark aspect).
Description:  Cat headed-goddess, mother of all cats, wife of Ptah.  Bast held a sistrum in her right hand and a basket in her left.  Usually shown wearing green.
Rules Over:  Cats, animals, Fire, the Moon, childbirth, fertility, pleasure, benevolence, joy, jokes, sexual rites, music, dance, protection against disease and evil spirits, warmth, intuition, healing, generosity, marriage.

Bata
Description:  God of War and the Chase.

Bekhkhit
Description:  Goddess of Dawn's Light.

Bes
Other Names:  "Lord of the land of Punt."
Description:  A guardian God.  He was pictured as a leapard skin-clad dwarf with a huge head, prominent eyes and cheeks, a curly beard and an open mouth with his tongue sticking out.  Sometimes he was depicted playing the harp or tambourine.
Rules Over:  Luck, marriage, music, dance, childbirth, cosmetics, female adornments, humor, happiness, protection.

Buto
Other Names:  Uajyt, Uatchet, Utchat, Per Uadjit, Uazit, Uto, Uraeus.
Description:  Cobra Goddess and ancient protector of Lower Egypt and the Delta town of Uadjit.  Shown as a cobra (sometimes winged) sometimes and at other times as a woman wearing a vulture headdress and the red crown of the North.  She held papyrus scepter twined with a long snake.
Rules Over:  Protection, hiding from evil.

Hapi
Description:  Very fat man with pendulous breasts, dressed like a boatman with a narrow belt around his huge belly.
Rules Over:  The Nile, crops, fertility, water, prosperity.

Hathor
Other Names:  Athor, Athyr, Het-Hert, Hat-Hor, Het-Heret.
Description:  Cowheaded goddess or a human-headed woman with horns, cow's ears and heavy tresses.
Rules Over:  Joy, love, pleasure, flowers, the sky, moon, tombs, motherhood, beauty, marriage, cosmetics, singers and dancers, merry-makers, beautiful women, artists, artistic works, vine and wine, ale and beer, happiness, music, song, the dance, weaving garlands, good times in general, Nature, physical comforts, protection, astrology, prosperity, jewelry, strength, the arts, family.

Heh
Other Names:  Neheb.
Description:  Shown as a squatting man wearing a curved reed on his head.  God of Infinity.
Rules Over:  Eternity, longevity, happiness.

Henkheses
Description:  God of the East Wind.

Heqet
Other Names:  Heqtit, Heket, Hekat.
Description:  Frog-headed goddess.
Rules Over:  Creation, childbirth, fertility, corn, resurrection, protection.

Hesa
Description:  A Singing God.

Horus
Other Names:  Heru Sa Aset.
Description:  Falcon-headed Sun and sky god.  Pictured as fair skin, blue eyes.
Rules Over:  Prophecy, war, revenge, justice, success, problem solving, the Sun, music, the arts, beauty, weapons, family, home.

Hu
Description:  God of Taste.

Hutchai
Description:  God of the West Wind.

Imhotep
Other Names:  I-Em-Hetep.
Description:  Deified human hero who later became a god.  Son of Ptah.
Rules Over:  Study, knowledge, learning, medicine, healing, embalming, physicians, sleep to heal suffering and pain, magick, compassion, drugs, herbs.

Isis
Other Names:  As, Aset, Eset, Tait.
Description:  Supreme Egyptian Goddess.  Pictured with dark hair, blue eyes, fair skin.
Rules Over:  Marriage, domestic life, theMoon, motherhood, fertility, magick, purification, initiation, reincarnation, success, womanhood, healing, spinning, weaving, advice, divination, civilization, agriculture, the arts, protection, advice, patroness of priestesses.

Kekui
Other Names:  Keku.
Description:  God of the hour before dawn.  Bringer-in of the light.

Kekuit
Description:  Goddess of the hour after sunset.  Bringer-in of the night.

Khensu
Other Names:  Khons, Khonsu.
Description:  Wore a skullcap topped by a disk in a crescent Moon.  His head was bald except for a scalp-lock tress of a royal child.  His body was swathed tightly and he held a crook and flail.
Rules Over:  Exorcism, healing.

Khepera
Other Names:  Khepra, Khepri, Khephera.
Description:  Scarab beetle god of creative energy and eternal life.
Rules Over:  Moon, exorcism, healing, new beginnings, gentleness, literary abilities, miracles, compassion.

Khnemu
Other Names:  Khnum.
Description:  Ram God pictured with a ram's head and long wavy horns holding a scepter and ankh.
Rules Over:  Arts and crafts, fertility and creation, gentleness.

Khurab
Description:  A Bird Goddess.

Maa
Description:  God of sight.

Maat
Other Names:  Maa, Maut, Mayet.
Description:  Depicted wearing an ostrich feather on her head while standing/sitting on her heels holding a scepter and ankh.
Rules Over:  Truth, right, justice, law, final judgement of human souls, order, divine order, reincarnation.

Mafdet
Description:  A Lynx Goddess.

Mahes
Description:  A Lion God.

Mathit
Description:  Helps the deceased climb into heaven.

Mehueret
Other Names:  Mehurt.
Description:  Universal Mother Goddess.
Rules Over: Night.

Menthi
Other Names:  Menthu-Ra, Mentu, Mont.
Description:  Sun god pictured with a bull head.  Wore a solar disk and two tall straight plumes on his head and carried a khepesh.  Husband of Rat-Taui.
Rules Over:  Protection, war, vengeance.

Merseger
Description:  Cobra Goddess.

Mesen
Description:  A Blacksmith God.

Meshkent
Other Names:  Meskhenet.
Description:  Images of her were sometimes depicted on two bricks on which egyptian women crouched during child birth.  Shown as a woman wearing two long palm shoots which were curved at the ends.
Rules Over:  Childbirth, rebirth.

Min
Other Names:  Minu, Menu.
Description:  Wore a crown with two tall straight plumes and held a flail in his right hand behind his head.
Rules Over:  Fertility, crops, sex, harvests, roads, journeys, patron of the desert and travelers.

Montu
Other Names:  Monthu, Menthu.
Description:  Falcon-headed war God also represented by a griffin.

Mut
Other Names:  Sky goddess who wore a vulture headdress.  Sometimes winged.
Rules Over:  Marriage, creation.

Nehebkau
Description:  Serpent god of the Underworld.
Rules Over: Death, cursing, vengeance.

Neith
Other Names:  Neit, Net, Nit.
Description:  Usually shown aside Selqet, as mummy guardian and protectress of marriage.  She wore the red crown of Lower Egypt and in her hands held a bow and two arrows.
Rules Over:  Herbs, magick, healing, mystical knowledge, rituals, meditation, weaving.

Nekhebet
Description:  Guardian goddess shown in vulture form hovering over PHaraoh, holding the flywhisk and the seal.  As a woman, she was depicted wearing the white crown of Upper Egypt or a vulture headdress.  She carried a scepter with a serpent twined around it.
Rules Over: Motherhood, childbirth, protection.

Neper
Description:  God of grain and prosperity of the barley and emmer wheat crops.

Nephthys
Other Names:  Nebt-Het, Nebthet, Nebhet.
Description:  Underworld Goddess who represented life and death.  Wife of Set.  Mother of Anubis.  Pictured as fair skinned with green eyes.  Shown as a woman with long winged arms stretched in protection; sometimes carrying a basket on her head.
Rules Over:  Death, dark magick, guardian of hidden things, mystical things, protection, invisibility or anonymity, intuition, dreams, peace.

Nerit
Description:  Goddess of Strength.

Nu
Description:  The primal water.

Nun
Description:  God of the primal ocean.

Nut
Other Names:  Nu.
Description:  Sky goddess, personification of the heavens, sky, clouds and stars.
Rules Over:  Reincarnation, weather.

Osiris
Description:  Tanned complexion and fair hair.  Sometimes shown standings, sometimes seated on his throne, tightly wrapped in mummy garb, his freed hands on his breast holding the crook and flail.  Sometimes his face was shown as green.  On his head he wore a high white miter flanked by two ostrich feathers.
Rules Over:  Fertility, harvests, commerce, success, initiation, death and reincarnation, water, judgment, justice, agriculture, crafts, corn and vegetation, grains, religion, architecture, weaving, ceremonial music, civilization, composing rituals, codes of law, religion, power, order, discipline, growth, stability.

Pakhit
Description:  A cat goddess.

Papait
Description:  A goddess of birth.

Pestit
Description:  Goddess of Sunrise.

Pestu
Description:  God of Light.

Ptah
Other Names:  Ptah-Neb-Ankh.
Description:  Skull wrapped in a headband and his body enclosed in mummy cloth.  His hands were free and held a scepter, ankh, and tet.
Rules Over:  Life, regeneration, crafts, builders, designers, metal workers, stone workers, engraving, carving, sculpting, all handcrafts, architects, masons, gentleness, miracles, science, manual skills, the arts.

Ra
Other Names:  Re, Phra.
Description:  Had many forms: Royal child sitting on lotus; as a man head topped with the solar disk surrounded by the sacred asp; as a man with a ram's head; as a man with a falcons head.
Rules Over:  Agriculture, Sun, Magick, prosperity, spells, rituals, destiny, right, truth.

Rat
Other Names:  Tat-Taiut, Rait, Rate.
Description:  Woman wearing a disk with horns and a uraeus.
Rules Over:  Wisdom, knoweldge.

Rekhit
Description:  Goddess of Knowledge.

Remi
Description:  A Fish God.

Remnit
Description:  A Cow Goddess.

Renenet
Other Names:  Renenutet, Ernutet.
Description:  Woman with serpents head or serpent wearing the solar disk.  Sometimes shown as a lion headed woman or wearing the plumes of Maat.
Rules Over:  Children, luck, justice.

Renpet
Description:  Wore a long palm shoot above her head.
Rules Over:  Youth, springtime, the year, general idea of time.

Renpiti
Description:  God of time.

Renenutet
Description:  Goddess of the Harvest, shown as a cobra.  Present during childbirth and also decides how long the child will live.
Rules over:  Harvest, childbrith, life.

Saa
Description:  God of touch.

Sati
Other Names:  Satet.
Description:  Shown as teh Archer, holding a bow and arrows.
Rules Over:  Fertility, the hunt, planting, water.

Seb
Other Names:  Geb, Keb.
Description:  Fertility Earth God.
Rules Over:  Fertility, new beginnings, creations, crops.

Sebek
Other Names:  Sobk, Suchos, Sobek.
Description: Lord of Death.  Crocodile God.
Rules Over:  Cursing, dark magick.

Seker
Other Names:  Sokar, Socharis.
Description:  Guardian god of the door to the Underworld.  Pictured as a greenish hawk-headed mummy.

Sekhet
Description:  Wore red garments.
Rules Over:  Strength, might, violence, cultivated lands and fields.

Sekhmet
Other Names:  Sakhmet.
Description:  Lioness-headed Goddess.  She represented the destroying power of the sunlight and was crowned with a disk and coiled cobra.
Rules Over:  War/battle, physicians and bone-setters.

Selqet
Other Names:  Selket, Selquet, Selchis, Serqet.
Description:  Shown as a woman with a scorpion on her head, often with raised winged arms.
Rules Over:  Marriage, happiness, sexual love.

Seshat
Other Names:  Sesheta.
Description:  Pictured as a woman wearing a star on her head, reversed crescent and two long straight plumes.  Later on the crescent was replaced with two long down-turned horns.  Record keeper of the gods and keeper of the inventory of the pharaoh's enemy loot.
Rules Over:  Writing, letters, archives, measurement, calculation, record-keeping, hieroglyphics, time, stars, sky, history, books, learning, inventions.

Set
Other Names:  Seth, Seti, Sutekh, Suti.
Description:  Reddish-white skin and bright red hair.
Rules Over:  Hunger, thirst, thunder, storm, suffering, revenge, cursing, death, dark magick, darkness, evil, destruction, chaos, foreigners.

Setem
Description:  God of hearing.

Shai (male)
Other Names:  Shait (female).
Description:  Sometimes a goddess, sometimes a god.  Role similar to guardian angel, presiding over destiny and fate.  One was born with each person and at death gave a true account of that persons life and deeds/misdeeds.

Shesmu
Description:  God of wine.

Shu
Description:  Air god.   In human form with ostrich feather on his head.
Rules Over:  Heat, drynes, air, winds.

Sia
Description:  God of the Perceptive Mind.

Tait
Description:  Goddess of Weaving.

Tanent
Description:  Primal earth mother, more like grandmother of grandmother.. the earths core, continents, etc.  She is distant and understands the cycles of life and death fully.
Rules Over:  Life, death, stability, order, strength.

Ta-Urt
Other Names:  Tauret, Apet, Opet, Taueret, Taurt, Thoueris, Rertrertu, Taweret.
Description:  Hippopotamus goddess.  Pictured as a female hippo with hanging breasts, standing upright and holding a plait of rolled papyrus.
Rules Over:  Childbirth, maternity, nursing mothers, revenge, protection.

Tefnut
Other Names:  Tefenet.
Description:  Lives at the bottom of the Underworld, who was fed by a group of Underworld Gods.
Rules Over:  Moisture, dew, rain, mist.

Temu
Other Names:  Tem, Atem, Atum.
Description:  Personification of God in human form and of the setting Sun.  He was the father of the human race and he helped the dead.  In one of his forms he was worshipped as a huge serpent.  Considered complete within himself, he was the sum of everything that existed.
Rules Over:  Peace, help, rest.

Thoth
Other Names: Tehuti, Thout, Djehuti, Zehuti.
Description:  Invented hieroglyphics and numbers.  First and greatest of magicians.  Inventor of the 4 laws of magick.  His two wives were Seshat and Nehmauit.  He had powers greater then Osiris and Ra.
Rules Over:  Magick, writing, inventions, the arts, divination, commerce, healing, initiation, music, prophecy, tarot, success, wisdom, medicine, astronomy, geometry, surveying, drawing, sciences, measurement of time, all calculations and inventories, archives, judgment, oracles, predictions, rituals, the law, astrology, alphabet, mathematics, speech, grammar, arbitration, balance, mental powers, the Moon, botany, theology, hymns and prayers, reading, oratory, arbitration, peace, advice, learning, books, truth, akashic records, the moon, fate, arbitration, advice.

Uadjet
Description:  Cobra Goddess of North Egypt, "Green One."

Un
Desciption:  God of Existence.

Unit
Description:  A star goddess.

Unta
Other names:  Unti.
Description:  God of Light.

Untabi
Description:  Goddess of the 27th day of the month.

Ur-Henu
Description:  Water God.

Utchait
Description:  Goddess of the Moon.

Utekh
Description:  God of Embalming.

Utet-Tefef
Description:  God of the 29th day of the month.

Wepwawet
Other Names:  Upuaut, Ophis.
Description:  God of the Underworld, pictured as wolf-headed.  Often dressed as a soldier.
Rules Over:  War, protection, defense, martial arts, journeys.